The 2019 US crop planting is 90 percent complete and is estimated to come in 6 percent below last year.
Solid rain during the past couple of months, and an above-normal snow pack has enabled the Department of Water Resources to announce water allocations at 55 percent.
While no onion crop issues have been reported at this time, onion costs in California are continuing to rise due to the impact of the New Sustainable Groundwater Management Legislation, which affects grower costs, together with higher transportation, packaging and irradiation costs.
Market demand has begun on a soft note, and a 5-7 percent increase in grower prices is to be expected later this year.
Egypt’s 2018-2019 yellow onion winter crop is 40-50 percent complete, with the crop estimated at 15 percent lower than last year. The crop quality has been normal, and no weather anomalies are foreseen in the near future. Raw material pricing has increased over the last few weeks as a result of depleting carry-over stocks and increasing demand.
Egypt’s white onion crop is progressing well, despite extra cold conditions this year. We have not seen any unusual events like mildew, diseases, pest-attacks etc (ones we fear when conditions are not usual) and we expect our harvest to commence in late April/May.
India’s overall 2018-2019 winter white planted onion acreage is estimated to be lower than the previous season by 10-15 percent. This is due to weak prices and large unsold inventories from the previous two seasons. Most of the low-quality dehydrated onion offers are fast disappearing, and prices are going up
The 2019 California garlic crop plantings were completed in November 2018, and is estimated to come in 26 percent below last year’s crop. The crop is advancing well in all areas, and has not experienced any disease pressure so far this season. The harvest is scheduled to start by the end of June.
Market demand this year has begun on a soft note, despite steady contracting. Garlic costs in California are likely to be similarly impacted as onion.
China’s 2019 crop planted acreage is estimated to be lower than last year by 30-35 percent. This is due to the bumper crop in 2018, consequent excess inventory and weak market prices. The 2019 harvest is expected to commence by the end of May.
To date, growing conditions have been normal, and the yield is expected to be similar to the last crop. Garlic flaking for the 2019 season is unlikely due to the large inventory overhang from last year.